Plagiarism & Harvard Referencing

What is plagiarism?

  • Using someone else’s work without permission AND:
  • Claiming others work and pretending it is your own


  • Using direct copies from book, article or website without putting the segment between quotation marks and without reference
  • Paraphrasing such a section without reference.

Leeds met regulations:

  • Plagiarism is a special form of cheating and theft
  • The inclusion in a students work of extracts from another person’s work without the use of quotation marks and/or acknowledgment of the sources
  • The summarising of another person work without acknowledgment
  • The substantial and unauthorised use of the ideas of another person without acknowledgment
  • Copying or printing the work of another student with or without that students knowledge or agreement.

How to avoid plagiarism

  • Reference every quote or every paraphrasing segment with its source
  • Not enough, but also important: put direct quotes between quotation marks. This indicates that these are not your own words, but that you copied them.

Practical advice

  • Do not copy directly. Instead, try to reword in your own words. But if ideas taken from a source, you still need to reference this source,
  • Keep track of where you found the information.
  • Every information or facts which you are not generating yourself, but which comes from other sources, needs to be referenced.

General attitude:

  • sometimes students want to ‘make it right’ and therefore copy from authoritative texts.
  • Do not do this – be critical thinkers.
  • question everything.

Detecting plagiarism

  • There are tools available to lecturers which detect plagiarism
  • Copied stences from another students work
  • Content from websites


  • Provides an automated report about the extend of plagiarism.

Penalties for Plagiarism

  • Have to do the assignment with best possible mark (40%)
  • Students might face more serious consequences (up to withdrawl from university)

What to do with information

  • quoting the actual words
  • paraphrasing
  • summarising
  • referencing to a source

All of the above needs REFERENCING.


  • To give credit to the original author
  • To add weight to your argument.
  • To allow that your sources can be checked.


  • when ideas or fact is direct attribute to someone
  • When using someone else’s ideas pictures, graphs, tables, data

Not reference:

  • Commonly accepted knowledge



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